Targeted Intervention - Madhubani
Location: Madhubani, Bihar
Partner: Bihar State AIDS Control Society
About the Project
Bihar, one of the most backward state of India, is characterised by a gamut of problems ranging from child and women trafficking, extreme poverty, high level of migration, poor social status of women due to low literacy levels make the state highly vulnerable to HIV/AIDS. Urgent response to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS through multi-sectoral response in an integrated way is the need of present time. Low female literacy, high poverty levels, weak health infrastructure, high migration and low women's status makes it a high vulnerable state. Low awareness and knowledge regarding STI/HIV/AIDS Widely varying sexual practices (high level of pre-marital and extra marital sexual practices) and contact with external high-risk population make them vulnerable towards the infection. The community also shows a high level gender based discrimination that adds fuel to the issue (AC Nielsen, ORG-Marg '06).
According to a study conducted by NACO in 2008, out of all districts in Bihar Madhubani is vulnerable due to FSW and MSM activities in the district. NACO has estimated that there are more 296 FSW and 150 MSM mainly non-brothel based operating in various areas. Thus through this project we are addressing the urgent and immediate un-met need.
- Increase the level of knowledge and awareness on STI, HIV and AIDS amongst the high-risk groups (FSW and MSM) through community based peer educators;
- Increase the use of condom, both with casual partners and paid sex, by promoting social marketing of condom through traditional and non-traditional condom outlets in the intervention area;
- Facilitate treatment of STI cases amongst the target group through linkages to government establishments and other patient friendly clinics in the operational area;
- Generate awareness regarding government services on STI, ICTC, CCC and ART Centres and enhance utilisation of the same, thereby ensuring more and more footprints, from vulnerable and high risk groups;
- Reduce stigma and discrimination and also negative attitude against PLHAs in the operational areas.