Drought Prone Area Programme (DPAP)
Location: Borio and Mandro blocks of Sahibganj, Jharkhand
Partner: Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India
About the Project
Under this programme the organisation has been able to create sustainable development of natural resources through proper land and water management.
A typical watershed comprises of arable, non-arable lands with some natural drainage lines. Mandro ‘Kao-Nala’ and Borio ‘Middle Moral’ Watershed area has been selected for the development of food, fodder and fuel and to maintain the fertility of land, water resources in 663.63 hectares of land and thereby create income generation sources for the poor landless families falling in the catchment area.
In total there are eight watersheds and each watershed unit is being looked after by a Watershed Committee consisting of 10 to 12 people from the beneficiary community so as to ensure the involvement of local people. It has representatives from gram panchayat and other local bodies. Watershed Committees also look after the trainings on watershed management, irrigation and other social transformations.
In all 75 users groups with strength of 1,438 members have been formed for smooth functioning. Besides 86 self help groups have been formed from out of the local beneficiary community.
The following activities have been strengthened through involvement of villagers in decision-making process:
- Preparation of land line maps;
- Identification of drainage maps;
- Socio economic database;
- Problem identification through PRA techniques.
- Household socio economic survey;
- Promoting overall economic development and improving the socio-economic condition of the resources poor and disadvantaged section inhibiting the programme area;
- Employment generation, poverty alleviation of human and other economic resources of the villages;
- Encouraging the village community for economic development from intensive and scientific use of land water and vegetation for sustainable development, build upon local technical knowledge and available materials;
- Develop wasteland, degraded land, drought prone and desert areas on watershed basis, keeping in view the capability of land, site condition and local needs;
- Restoring ecological balance by harnessing conserving and developing natural resources, that is, land water and vegetation covered;
- Formation of District Wastelands Advisory Committee, Watershed Committee and Watershed Association, and User Groups (UGs) and Self-help Groups (SHGs);
- Opening of WDT Bank Accounts, and Work Execution and Payments;
- Community organisation and involvement of villagers in decision-making process;
- Involvement of local people while planning Watershed;
- Women’s role in planning and execution of the project.